Meningitis: An infection of the membranes around a person's spinal cord and brain. It can be caused by either a viral or bacterial infection and can be a very serious condition if left untreated. The bacteria is contagious and is typically transmitted through close personal contact such as coughing, sharing drinks and kissing. It is NOT spread by casual contacts, such as sitting next to a person with the illness.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can first appear as a flu-like illness and rapidly worsen. The most common symptoms include:
- A headache
- Stiff neck
There are often additional symptoms, such as
- Photophobia (eyes being more sensitive to light)
- Altered mental status (confusion)
Should you experience any of these symptoms over the next few days, report to the SHS by calling 412.383.1800 or hospital emergency department immediately.
Zika: A virus spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week.
In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes.
In response, CDC has issued a travel alert (Level 2- Practice Enhanced Precautions) for people traveling to regions and certain countries where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.
Interactive map of affected countries or territories from Pitt's international safety partner, International SOS.
CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden answers questions regarding the Zika virus outbreak
The CDC has provided maps and lists of countries and territories with active Zika Transmission.
5 things Western Pennsylvanians need to know about Zika (Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, 1/28/2016)